Project duration: 01.04.15 – 31.03.17
Project funding: DZNE
Project leader: Margareta Halek
Project coordinator: Martin Berwig
Project staff: Claudia Dinand
Behavior variant frontotemporal dementia (bvFTD) is associated with impaired social cognition abili-ties. Therefore it is often challenging to get in contact with people with bvFTD, particulary for their relatives. MarteMeo® Counselling (MMC) is a video-based intervention and was originaly developed to improve the dyadic relationship between children with autism and their parents by promoting the sensitive adaptation of the parental communication behaviors to the impaired social cognitive abili-ties of their loved ones. It is based on the presumption, that a good and reciprocal relationship is a prerequisite for the development and maintenance of social cognitive abilities.
In the field of gerontopsychiatry the aim of MMC is not supporting development, but, also here based on a good quality of relationship, activating resources for functioning and self-maintenance. In this feasibility study MMC is applied for the first time to people with bvFTD and their caregivers. The aim is to evaluate the usefulness of MMC for this population, to determine an optimal intervention format (e.g. dosis and intensity) and to explore potential effects.
The study uses a quasi-experimental one-group-pre-post-design with double pre-measurement and an embedded mixed-method approach. Five dyads will be enrolled. Outcomes are sensitiveness of the caregivers, quality of caregiver-patient relationship, quality of life and challenging behaviors of people with bvFTD. At three time points of examination (T0, T1 after two weeks, and T2 after six weeks) a video of a dyadic interaction in a daily life situation (mealtime) will be recorded and data collection will be conducted. The following instruments, for capturing the outcomes, will be conducted: Quality of Carer-Patient Relationship (QCPR), Neuropsychiatric Inventary (NPI), QUALIDEM subscales positive and negative emotions and sensitiveness index (Feinfühligkeitsindex, FFI).Time between T0 and T1 serves as control period. Between T1 and T2 the caregiver receives five MMC sessions. Video sequences will be micro-analyzed by means of video-interaction analysis to proof the assumed impact mechanism of the intervention. Variance of effects on outcomes will be determined. Moreover collected process data will be used to evaluate the benefit and acceptance of the intervention.
Expected results provide indications for the feasibility of the intervention as well as of a large scale main study and will be used as own prior work for an application to finance such a definitive study.