Since 1999, the German Network for Quality Development in Nursing (DNQP) is working, in cooperation with the German Nursing Council (DNQP), on developing and implementing expert standards (DNQP, 2015, P.3).
The approach in the context of developing and implementing expert standards is written down in the method paper of the German Nursing Council (DNQP, 2015). According to the method paper (DNQP-Methodenpapier), the DNQP-steering group (which is responsible for controlling the German Nursing Council with regard to content; members are coming from different fields as nursing practice, nursing science and nursing education) decides, at the end of a defined process of finding a topic, ‘if a new expert standard is going to be developed’ (DNQP, 2015, P. 8). In 2015, the new expert standard ‘Fostering and sustaining relationships in care for people with dementia’ was developed this way (DNQP, 2015, S. 4).
The work of the German Nursing Council is project-oriented; every expert standard is developed in topic-specific project groups (Expertenarbeitsgruppen) (DNQP, 2015, P.4). Prof. Dr. Martina Roes was appointed to be the project manager of the project group working on the expert standard ‘Fostering and sustaining relationships in care for people with dementia’. She was appointed by the scientific team and the DNQP-steering group. The scientific leader of project groups is, amongst other things, responsible for drawing up a literature study.
The described project deals with the preparation of this literature study.
The literature study is an important step for identifying and processing the given evidence for working on the expert standard. The project ‚Exper-Dem-DNQP‘ aims at completing the literature study, meeting the requirements of the German Nursing Council (method paper), as a base on which the project group will be able to work on the expert standard ‘Fostering and sustaining relationships in care for people with dementia’.
The complex and so far rather general described topic ‘care of people with dementia’ had to become more precise at the beginning of the literature study, making the actual subject of the work clear. For the literature research at first a specification of the topic was worked out, following the guidelines of the German Nursing Council (2015, P. 10) , by the scientific leader of the project group in consultation with the scientific team of the German Nursing Council.
Based on the literature study the project group worked out recommendations for central nursing interventions, which are passed in consensus (DNQP, 2015, S.11) and which are included into the expert standard. The expert standard was authorized on October 6, 2015. For more information: https://www.dnqp.de/de/informationen/#c251967
Deutsches Netzwerk für Qualitätsentwicklung in der Pflege (Hrsg.) (DNQP, 2015) Methodisches Vorgehen zur Entwicklung, Einführung und Aktualisierung von Expertenstandards in der Pflege und zur Entwicklung von Indikatoren zur Pflegequalität auf Basis von Expertenstandards. Version Juni 2015. Osnabrück, DNQP. Einsehbar unter: https://www.dnqp.de/fileadmin/HSOS/Homepages/DNQP/Dateien/Weitere/DNQP-Methodenpapier2015.pdf